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THE TURKMEN "STONE-HENGE"

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Turkmenistan hasa very rich past. Today Altyn depe, ancient Merv, the mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar, the monuments of Koneurghench, the Mashadi-Misserian fortresses, the fortress of Nissa amaze visitors. These monuments are very important in the world civilization. Side by side with them there are monuments in Turkmenistan which have not been studied yet.

One of such monuments is situated in the south-west of the Gyzyl Ymam cemetery near the village Ak in the Chendir valley of the Magtymguly district. The stones of 30—40 sm. in diameter, the largest of which is 5 metres in heght erected in ancient times are still riddles with their forms. The first information about this strange and mysterious place appeared in 1929. They were studied by well-known scientists of that time A.P.Potseluyevskiy, V.E.Masson and others. Those scientists considered that the stones had been erected as tombstones.

But when you go there and look from the stone erected in the very southern-western side to other stones you can see that they had been erected for a special purpose. Because It becomes evident that the stone standing in the corner is the initial one for calculation. That stone is perpendicular to the bisector of the rectangle, the face side is divided into eight sections with 45 degrees. When you look from that stone at other stones you can see that the high stones had been erected at perimeter of the quadrangle. Inside of that quadrangle you can see several, not very high stones erected in different directions, in different intervals.

The foundation of the ruined building situated at the southern — western part of the quadrangle shows that once it was an observation post. Because it is very convenient to watch the territory around.

If you look at those stones as an astronomer you can see that they had been erected with a certain purpose. Some inscriptions on the stones remind the symbols, inscribed 14 thousands years ago on the walls of the caves and rocks of the Bezegli valley, situated 8 km. from there.

Consequently those symbols could have been inscribed by the people or by their descendants who lived there. The first question which arises in the mind of the person who sees the stones perhaps can be "Where have these stones been brought from?" Because it is known that there are no such stones in the nearest surrounding territory. Besides that the position of the large stones in relation to the small stones supports the idea that it can be one of the most ancient primitive observatories in Turkmenistan and in human civilization. In that case it can be called the "Turkmen stone-henge".

Like in the Stone-henge observatory in England the Stones could have been erected to define the change of seasons, solar and lunar clipses. Those numerous small and large stones at the Gyzyl Ymam cemetry seem to have been erected according to conformity with some rules or laws. But in order to find out the real truth it is necessary to study them from the point of view of archaeological and astronomical sciences. If it is the real Turkmen "Stone-henge" then it will be very important for science and history and a new site of an ancient monument of civilization in Turkmenistan which was unknown before will be generally recognized. It means that one more golden page of Turkmenistan’s contribution to the world civilization will be opened.

Hojamukhammet MELAYEV, astronomer,
Mukhammet GELDIYEV, ethnographer.

"Diỳar" Magazine, 12/2007


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